Infertility

Not getting pregnant, despite having carefully timed, unprotected sex for one year. Call Doctor

OBSERVATION: Common

OCCURENCE: More than 100 thousand cases per year (in Nigeria)

TREATMENT: Treatable by a medical professional

DIAGNOSIS: Usually self-diagnosable

SCIENTIST TEST: Lab tests or imaging often required

BE-AWARE: Resolves within months (Medium-term)

AFFECTED PERSON MAY EXPERIENCE: inability to get pregnant or anxiety

NOTE: The cause of infertility may be difficult to determine but may include inadequate levels of certain hormones in both men and women, and trouble with ovulation in women. The main symptom is an inability to get pregnant. In many cases, there are no additional symptoms.

TREATMENT: Many treatments significantly improve the chances of getting pregnant. They include hormone treatments, fertility drugs and surgery. In addition, assisted reproduction uses various medical techniques to fertilise an egg. Consult a doctor for medical advice

Self-care: Timed intercourse

Medications: Estrogen modulator, Anti-diabetic medication, Hormone, and Sex hormone suppression

Medical procedure: Artificial insemination, Assisted reproductive technology, Ovulation induction, and IVF

Therapies: Counseling psychology

Specialists: Endocrinologist, Primary Care Provider (PCP), and OBGYN Doctor.

Sources: College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and others.

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